Learn more about the Black lion tamarin – with amazing Black lion tamarin videos , photos and facts on Arkive. Descriptions and articles about the Black Lion Tamarin, scientifically known as Leontopithecus chrysopygus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Br. Genetic assessment for the endangered black lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus (Mikan, ), Callitrichidae, Primates. Ayala-Burbano.
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Share this image — Hide sharing options. The squirrel-sized black lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus is one of the world’s most endangered mammals 4. Also known as the golden-rumped lion tamarin, this species has glossy black fur with varying amounts of reddish-golden fur on the rump, thighs and base of the tail 2 5.
The long mane framing leontopitheus face is black. Like the closely related golden lion tamarin, the black lion tamarin has long digits that are used to forage for small insects 5. This species eats fruits, insects, flowers, nectar, berries, seeds, young chgysopygus, bird eggs and small vertebrates such as frogs, lizards and nestlings 2.
Vocalisations and scent marking also serve to broadcast the presence of a group within their territory 5 ; the hair may stand on end during aggressive exchanges over territorial issues 5. Other forms of communication include shrill, bird-like vocalisations and a few facial expressions 6. All lion tamarins tend to give birth to twins, but triplets and quadruplets have also been observed 5.
ADW: Leontopithecus chrysopygus: INFORMATION
At that time it was estimated that the population numbered fewer than individuals 4. At present, about leontoplthecus populations are known, and the number of remaining individuals is estimated to be less than 1, 6. The black lion tamarin inhabits remnants lowland semi-deciduous forest and macegawhich consists of low bushy trees 2 5. Over 90 percent of the Atlantic forest in Brazil has been lost to logging, development and cultivation.
The species is also vulnerable to fire and hunting 4. Areas of prime habitat occur in and around the Morro do Diabo State Park; however, five percent of this area was flooded in the early ‘s, following the construction of a hydroelectric plant 7.
Leontopithecus chrysopygus – #1553
The remaining black lion tamarin populations have been isolated for some time, and studies have shown that genetic diversity is extremely low as a result of inbreeding 7. Inbreeding depressionwhich can reduce the fitness of the population in terms of survival, reproductive capacity and growth, is therefore a cause for concern in this species. A long-term programme of conservation and environmental education targeting the black lion tamarin is underway 7.
An important measure to combat the effects of inbreeding will be to allow movement of individuals between the isolated sub-populations. This can occur through translocations of individuals or by creating corridors between habitat patches to facilitate movement between populations 4. Corridors have already been planted and some translocations have occurred 7.
There is currently a captive population of around individuals, which require the occasional incorporation of wild individuals to maintain genetic variation 7.
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This species is featured in the Atlantic forest eco-region.
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Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. Black lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus. Also known as Golden-rumped lion tamarin. Golden-headed lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysomelas. Golden lion tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia. Black-faced lion tamarin Leontopithecus caissara. Black lion tamarin biology This species eats fruits, insects, flowers, nectar, berries, seeds, young leaves, bird eggs and small vertebrates such as frogs, lizards and nestlings 2.
Leontopithecus chrysopygus – # | American Society of Mammalogists
American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus. White marlin Kajikia albida. Yellow-faced Amazon Alipiopsitta chrysopygis. Black lion tamarin habitat The black lion tamarin inhabits remnants lowland semi-deciduous forest and macegawhich consists of low bushy trees 2 5. Great horned owl Bubo virginianus. Woodchat shrike Lanius senator. Black lion tamarin threats Over 90 percent of the Atlantic forest in Brazil has been lost to logging, development and cultivation.
Black lion tamarin conservation A long-term programme of conservation and environmental education targeting the black lion tamarin is underway 7. To learn more about a Whitley Leontopithdcus conservation project for this species, click here. Find out more For further information on conservation in Brazil: Glossary Arboreal Living in trees. Inbreeding depression The reduction in viability, birth weight, and fertility that occurs in a population after one or more generations of inbreeding interbreeding amongst close relatives.
Territorial Describes an animal, a pair of animals or a colony that occupies and defends an area. Territory An area occupied and defended by an animal, a pair of animals or a colony. Translocation The transfer of individuals of living organisms from one area with chryospygus or planting in another. Ldontopithecus University Press, London. Society for Conservation Biology Newsletter7 1: X Close Image credit.
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This species is featured in: Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Lindsey Paretti – Leontoopithecus Island AfricaleontopitjecusconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.