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KANCERI I GJIRIT, NE RRITJE NUMRI I VIKTIMAVE
In the early stages, curative treatment may include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Breast cancer develops in the cells of the acini, lactiferous ducts, and lobules of the breast. Tumor growth and spread depends on the exact cellular site of origin of the cancer. These factors affect the response to surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
Grate vs Kanceri i gjirit by Blerta Guxha on Prezi
Breast tumors spread via the lymphatics and veins, or by direct invasion. Y When a patient has a lump in the breast, a diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by a biopsy and histological evaluation. Once confirmed, the clinician must attempt to stage the tumor. L Staging the tumor means defining the: S Computed tomography CT scanning of the body may be carried out to look for any spread to the lungs pulmonary metastasesliver hepatic metastaseslanceri bone bony metastases.
I Further imaging may include bone scanning using radioactive isotopes, which are avidly taken up by the tumor metastases in bone.
Lymph drainage of the breast is complex. R Lymph vessels pass to axillary, supraclavicular, parasternal, kancerii abdominal lymph nodes, as well as the opposite breast.
Containment of kqnceri metastatic breast cancer is therefore potentially difficult because it can spread through many lymph node groups. Subcutaneous lymphatic obstruction and tumor growth pull on connective tissue ligaments in the breast resulting in the appearance of an orange peel texture peau d’orange on the surface of the breast.
Kanceri i gjirit – Wikipedia
Y Further subcutaneous spread can induce a rare manifestation of breast cancer that produces a hard, woody texture to the skin cancer en cuirasse. L A mastectomy surgical removal of the breast involves excision of the breast tissue to the pectoralis major muscle and fascia. S Within the axilla the breast tissue must be ksnceri from the medial axillary wall.
I Closely applied to the medial axillary wall is the long thoracic nerve.
Damage to this nerve can result in paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle producing a characteristic “winged” scapula. R It is also possible to damage the nerve to the latissimus dorsi muscle, and this may affect extension, medial rotation, and adduction of the humerus.
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