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Dear sir, I have found that Muslims in South Asia, especially Pakistan and Bangladesh but including India, all memorize two phrases called. App design of “ Iman-e-Mufassal & Iman-e-Mujammal” on One page Activity • App have beautiful “ Iman-e-Mufassal & Iman-e-Mujammal design • Single page.

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Dear sir, I have found that Muslims in South Asia, especially Pakistan and Bangladesh but including India, all memorize two phrases called “al-iman al-mujmal” and “al-iman al-mufassal” as well as the “six kalimahs. I am researching a book written in the s based on these phrases, and I am wondering if there is a Sufi background for them since the Mughal empire was a time when Sufi groups flourished.

Is there any textual evidence for the origin of these? Every Pakistani and Bangladeshi Muslim I have asked has said that yes, they do memorize them, but that they do not know when that practice started. Your guess was right. Southeast Asia knows Islam trough Sufism and Persian interpretation, as they were cut off from the Sunni style and Persia was the first to colonize them, exporting religion as one of the first things. Sufism is also seen as the driving factor in the popularising of Islam in North Africa, but they were not cut off from the other sects.

No the 6 khalimas are from the Sunni sect. The Shii have it different. The Shii khalimas are 5 or 7: Let me see if I understand this. So do you know how I could find out when and where these distinctions came from, or any suggestions for where to look to understand why in India they use the six kalimas with the iman mujmal and iman mufassal which are not used in Iran, Arabia, or Turkestan?

Sorry to keep mufsasal but I think it’s important to know the origins of the various worldwide practices of Islam to understand them in their historical context.

Because These have been compiled from various Sahih Hadiths S.


The 6 six Kalimas are recorded in various books of knowledge, and are recited and remembered by people across the globe. These kalimas were compiled together for children to memorise and learn the basic fundamentals of a Muslim’s beliefs. They are not found altogether complete in any one hadith or narration from the Prophet peace be upon him. However, some of them can be found individually in the narrations. The Kalimahs came into existence to facilitate the easy memorising and imman of Aqeedah beliefs.

Of course the ultimate origin for the concepts of these statements is in the Mucassal and the Sunnah.

I am looking for specific information about when, where, and why these specific six ones are recited together with the iman-e mujmal and iman-e mufassal. They appear to be specific to South Asia, at earliest dated to the reign of Akbar the Mughal, and why that is the case is what I am trying to find out. I mean, does any book of hadith record “amantu bi-l-lahi kama huwa bi-asma’ihi wa-sifaatihi wa qabiltu jamii a ahkaamihi wa-arkaanihi” and describe it as al-imaan mujammalan, paired with “amantu bi-l-laahi wa-malaa’ikatihi wa-kutubihi wa-rusulihi wa-l-yawm al-aakhir khayrihi wa-sharrihi min allahi ta aala wa-l-ba thi ba da al-mawt” described as al-imaan mufassalan?


I really think we should try to get to the bottom of this for the sake of better understanding the history of Islam. Because these are a part of curriculum in schools and to teach children they are provided in one place.

I have faith in Allah and His Angels, His Books and His Messengers, and the Day of Judgement and that all good and evil and fate is from Almighty Allah and it is sure that there will be resurrection after death.

Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allahthe Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle.

Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. What do you mean by “they are provided in one place”?

Does that just mumal they are all given together? Also, yes, one doesn’t have to recite them together, but people mostly in south Asia do, and I am trying to find out why.

No it doesn’t mean they are all given together in any one Hadith S. W but what I mean by saying provided in one place like in small islamic books Compiled in one place by Muslims.

Usually they mufassaal provided in books for Namaz, in Arabic Qaidah and at the end of few islamic books. You can find in the translation of all the six kalimas “There is none worthy of worship except Allah”.

Kalimay, Iman-e-Mufasil, Mujmal Madrasa-Tul-Madinah

Again my answer is same, people recite them one after the other because they are provided in islamic books one after the other i.

So, people also recite them one after the other. And one thing more they recite all together because they actually memorize them and in Madarsas as well the Qari also teach the children 6 Kalimas and ask the children to mian them and that’s why 6 kalimas are provided in many islamic books.

Thank you for your contributions. If someone has any insight into how the six kalimahs and the two imaans imsn came to be part of the basic curriculum in South Asia, I would be grateful to hear it. I would also be grateful for any suggestions books of aqidah, ta lim, or imaan from Mughal India, etc of where to look for this information. Even if someone just wants to acknowledge the fact muumal the reason is unknown, and that that is strange imqn remarkable, would be appreciated as well.


By “reason” I mean the way they came to exist together, not the fact that they do exist together.

I mean, really, they are just mufaxsal by Muslims in South Mufassla and the origin of that practice is unknown? Assalam o alaikum wa rehmatallah wa barqatahu Though I am not really a scholar with a good knowledge of these beliefs but logically, when Islam was introduced in South Asia, this region was already following polytheist belief which was difficult muujmal be changed to monotheist belief of Islam.

So, to deal with this challenge it was first necessary to make people understand the basic concepts before they could know more about the essence of Islam. Hence the scholars compiled the 6 kalimahs as one Arabic qaidah and added iman e mujmal and iman e mufassal. This was introduced as part of the curriculum in madarsahs to teach and make understand the basic belief.

Again, I don’t guarantee the authenticity of this explanation but this is just based on the historical trend of Islam in South Asia. And Allah knows best. I seek forgiveness from Him xnd anything ill said. It is sad that people simply mug up the kalimahs, ayats, surahs and duah without understanding the true meaning. Even salat is performed just as an act and not really feeling the sprituality from within.

May Allah guide us all to the right path.

Let me just add this to the question. Do you all think it is strange or unique that many Muslims in South Asia memorize these without knowing the basis for them in any book of fiqh or ‘aqidah or sunnah?

You can just say yes or no. I just don’t know if I should find it strange or not. All the mosques mhfassal Ulamas recommend these 6 Kalimas. I want to know the origin of these 6 Kalimas? Please tell me the reference. While Kalimah Istighfar is mentioned in Bukhari 2: Last wnd by fa3 almost 4 years ago.

Thank you wa jazak allah khayr. By the way, I think I discovered it. If anyone wants to know just ask. Thanks for the answer. Both Shii and Sunni follow the khalimas of Islam. Jazak allah khayran wa allahu a3lam. You can find in the translation of all the six kalimas “There is none worthy of worship except Allah” Again mufassql answer is same, people recite them one after the other because they are provided in islamic books one after the other i.

Naghma over 5 years ago link. Choose your preferred language: