ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application.
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Eclipse of Reason | Digifesto
Eclipse of Reason is a book by Max Horkheimerin which the author discusses how the Nazis were able to project their agenda as “reasonable”,   but also identifies the pragmatism of John Dewey as problematic, due to his emphasis on the instrumental dimension of reasoning.
Horkheimer deals with the concept of reason within the history of western philosophy. He details the difference between objectivesubjective and instrumental reason, and states that we have moved from the former through the center and into the latter though subjective and instrumental reason are closely connected. Objective reason deals with universal truths that dictate that an action is either right or wrong. It is a concrete concept, and a force in the world that requires specific modes of behavior.
The focus reasin the objective faculty of reason is on the ends, rather than the means.
Subjective reason is an abstract concept of reason, and focuses primarily on means. Specifically, the reasonable nature of the purpose of action is irrelevant – the ends only serve the purpose of the subject generally self-advancement or preservation.
To be “reasonable” in this context is to be suited to a particular purpose, to be “good for something else”. This aspect of reason is universally conforming, and easily furnishes ideology. In instrumental reason, the sole criterion of reason is its operational value or purposefulness, and with this, the idea of truth becomes contingent on mere subjective preference hence the relation with subjective reason.
Horkheimer argues that modern philosophy has increasingly advocated subjective rationality to the point of rejecting any form of meaning or objective rationality and enabling technocracy. He associates the decline in objective rationality in philosophy with a mechanical worldviewdisenchantment and the decline of a belief in a living or holistic nature. Although he denounces a wide range of contemporary philosophical schools of thought, Horkheimer asserts that eclipwe trends are epitomized hokrheimer positivisma term he defines broadly.
Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) | Revolvy
Nevertheless, Horkheimer admits that objective reason has its roots in Reason ” Logos ” in Greek of the subject. If by enlightenment and intellectual horhkeimer we mean the freeing of man from superstitious belief in evil forces, in demons and fairies, in blind fate – in short, the emancipation from fear – ot denunciation of what is currently called reason is the greatest service we can render.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Eclipse of Reason Cover of the first edition. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences.
Cover of the first edition. Part of a series on the.