Gajo Petrović – philosopher. Gajo Petrović was born in Karlovac on 12 March At the outset of World War 1, in , he was in high school where he was . Gajo Petrovic. Affiliation. Historical Studies. Field of Study. History of Philosophy. Dates at IAS. Member. Historical Studies. 1/–5/ Spring. Degrees. I. If the question about the “real” Marx is to have any sense, it can be neither merely factual and historical nor merely subjective and evaluative. The “real” Marx.
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The Autodidact Project ; First Published: Harvard University Press,pp. There is no term and no explicit concept of reification in Hegel, but some of his analyses seem to come close to it e. Although the idea of reification is implicit already in petrvic early works of Marx e.
The two most concentrated discussions of reification are to be found in Capital I, ch. The commodity form, and the value relation between the products of labour which stamps them as commodities, have absolutely no connexion with their physical properties and with the material relations arising therefrom. It is simply a definite social relation between men, that assumes, in their eyes, the fantastic form of a relation between things This I call the fetishism which attaches itself to the products of labour, so soon as they are produced as commodities, and which is therefore inseparable from the production of commodities To the producers the social relations connecting the labours of one individual with that of the rest appear, not as direct social relations between individuals at work, but as what they really are, thinglike relations between persons and social relations between things To them their own social action takes the form of the action of things, which rule the producers instead of being ruled by them.
In the second discussion, Marx summarizes briefly the whole previous analysis which has shown that reification is characteristic not only of the commodity, but of all basic categories of capitalist production money, capital, profit, etc. Thus in the developed form of capitalism reification reaches its peak:.
Gajo Petrovic, Marx’s theory of alienation – PhilPapers
As equivalent in meaning with Verdinglichung Marx uses the term Versachlichung, and the reverse of Versachlichung he calls Personifizierung. Despite the fact that the problem of reification was discussed by Marx in Capitalpublished partly during his life time, and partly soon after his death, which was generally recognized as his master work, his analysis was very much neglected for a long time.
Both sides undergo the same basic process and are subordinated to the same laws. It seems that the problem of petorvic was somehow in the air in the early s.
Although the discussion of reification never became as extensive and intense as that about alienation, a number of outstanding Marxists such as Goldmann, J. Kosik have made valuable contributions to it. But what does reification mean?
Where does it originate from? Why does this reification come again and again to domination?
Gajo Petrović, “The ‘young’ and the ‘old’ Marx” () | The Charnel-House
How is the Being of consciousness positively structured so that reification remains inadequate to it? A number of more substantial questions about reification have also been discussed.
Thus there has been much controversy about the relation between reification, alienation, and commodity fetishism. While some have been inclined to identify reification either with alienation or with commodity fetishism or with bothothers want to keep the three concepts distinct.
According to the prevailing view alienation is a broader phenomenon, and reification one of its forms or aspects.