CYNICS WILLIAM DESMOND PDF

Cynics has 77 ratings and 13 reviews. Leo said: Very good introduction to Cynicism (of the ancient kind, a school of philosophy having very little to do. William Desmond, Cynics, Acumen, , pp, $ (pbk), ISBN Reviewed by John Moles, Newcastle University. Far from being pessimistic or nihilistic, as modern uses of the term “cynic” suggest, the ancient Cynics were astonishingly optimistic regarding human nature.

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Cynics are a breed of “philosophers” that were mostly like “dogs”. For if we identify Cynicism with a “family resemblance” approach almost everyone is a Cynic. Chapter 6 is inevitably a highly selective gallop, with individual stops, from Stoicism to Sloterdijk cynicss, and, finally, Naviaboth of whom argue for the value, even the necessity, of Cynic thinking in today’s world, thereby ending the book on an uplifting note.

Overall rating No ratings yet 0. Will Hickox rated it it was amazing May 06, At Kobo, we try to ensure that published reviews do not contain rude or profane language, spoilers, or any of our reviewer’s personal information.

Cynics // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame

We’ll publish them on our site once we’ve reviewed them. Thanks for telling us about the problem. The problem is amplified when the author occasionally calls figures such as Epictetus, Dio, or Desmpnd “Cynics” or argues Cynic doctrine from Stoic texts. There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

Jan 03, Socraticgadfly rated it it was amazing.

Desmond mentions Marcus Aurelius’ admiration of It may be a bit hard to keep track of all the personalities and movements covered if one is not at all familiar with stocism, epicureanism and other movements in the classical Greece after Socrates, but it does not require the reader to know anything about Cynicism beforehand. According to Desmonr, Onesicritus of Astypalaea discussed with gymnosophists in India the topic of living according to nature.

Similarities of cynicism with Christianity are talked at length in this book, one very bold hypothesis in this instance for example, is that of considering Jesus a cynic. Some considered Antisthenes the first “Cynic” in declaring that poverty was wealth, that labor was good, and that luxury was a curse.

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In every age down to the present, its ideals of radical simplicity and freedom have alternately inspired and disturbed onlookers. In chapter 3, necessary background different conceptions of nature; other philosophers’ interpretation of cynlcs motto; anticipations of Cynic thinking becomes foreground and for far too long, though useful points emerge e.

Desmond sees Petronius’ williqm of the dinner party of Trimalchio as a contrast to the Cynic position. Now Desmond offers an introduction to ancient cynicism, especially for the benefit of students. The following two chapters examine the two foundational principles of Cynicism: A life according to nature. Once regarded as a minor Socratic school, Cynicism is now admired as one of the more creative and influential philosophical movements in antiquity.

At their best, Cynics were encouraging a kind of activist detachment from conventional thoughts and mores, and even from all but the barest of physical needs. Please review your cart. All and all, it’s an edifying read.

Many of the gaps are plugged in the ‘further reading’; see also now L. It also requires considerable discrimination in the use of the ancient evidence, extremely lacunose and varied as it is. If I knew what it was going to be like I probably whould have read about Stoics.

Trimalchio and Fortunata are presented as anti-Cynics in contrast to Encolpius and Aschyltus who are called “two Cynic-like wanderers” The problem of identifying some minimal conditions for Cynic identity becomes most pronounced in the final chapter.

Is Cynicism a philosophy in the same way that Epicureanism or Stoicism constitutes a philosophy, or is it primarily a cultural stance, a social identity, or a collection of reflective strategies for living?

Desmond supports this surprising claim by the many references to dogs in desmpnd passage and the appearance of the term “pera”. Desmond’s general emphasis on the importance of Cynicism to the Stoic Epictetus 59as against scholars such as Brunt and Long, seems to me correct and important, though space should somewhere have been found for full treatment of 3.

As for Hipparchia’later denigrators sneered that [Crates and Hipparchia ] had sex in public’ Thinking the nature separated the man from nature. Second, Desmond shows that Cynics were acting cyniccs way they were in what might be called an activist Westernized version of Zen. Far from being pessimistic or nihilistic, as modern uses of the term “cynic” suggest, the ancient Cynics were astonishingly optimistic regarding human willia.

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Fifty years ago, simple quellenkritik Brown, Onesicritus [] n.

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Approaching Cynicism from a variety of thematic perspectives as well—their critique of convention, praise of natural simplicity, advocacy of self-sufficiency, defiance of Fortune, and freedom—William Desmond offers a fascinating survey of a school of thought that has had a tremendous influence throughout history and is of continuing interest today.

Account Options Sign in. That Cynicism had some such thinking is most easily though not wjlliam demonstrable through reconstruction of important Cynic wilkiam, written, desmoond they were, in serio -comic style. I like the eilliam of renouncing or at least questioning traditional customs but this seemed to delve into an area where things just start to become counterproductive in everyday life.

Oct 22, Stefan rated it it was amazing Shelves: Lucian’s ‘digging-up’ of ‘ Bion ‘ 61; Bis. Close Report a review At Kobo, we try to ensure that published reviews do not contain rude or profane language, spoilers, or any of our reviewer’s personal information. Chapter five examines the Cynics and politics. About the Book Far from being pessimistic or nihilistic, as modern uses of the term “cynic” suggest, the ancient Cynics were astonishingly optimistic regarding human qilliam.

The ‘sex’ section 89 also needs Diogenes’ Politeiaalso the source of Diogenes’ ‘mischievous syllogism’ ; D. An overview, “Ancient Cynics and their Times,” points to Diogenes as the first “dog. Cyinsm foreshadows Christian’s dogma of returning to the primordial unity, leaving all the futile behind, unconditionally love every human being, for we are desmojd of the n In Christianity the great sin of man was his separation from nature.

They believed that if one simplified one’s life—giving up all unnecessary possessions, desires, and ideas—and lived in the moment as much as possible, one could regain one’s natural goodness and happiness.

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