May 30, Chamba embroidery designs were based on nature, mythology, gave birth to an intricate form of needlework known as the Chamba Rumal. Explore ANTARA’s board “CHAMBA RUMAL” on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Embroidery patterns, Textile design and Textiles. Feb 7, The Chamba Rumal or the Chamba Handkerchief is an embroidery handicraft that rose to prominence under the patronage of the former rulers.

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Popular for its art and embroidery, a little town called Chambais located chamga the hills of Himachal Pradesh. The small yet graceful settlement of mountain dwellers gave birth to an intricate form of needlework known as the Chamba Rumal.

Chamba Rumal

It is presumed that the subjects were drawn in outline by the women on the court. Chamba embroidery designs were based on nature, mythology, articles of everyday use and happenings of everyday life, animals, birds and trees etc and geometrical designs are also very popular.

Chambasituated on the river Ravi, was one of the most important centers of miniature painting. The dreamlike quality of the background coupled with women of porcelain like beauty developed its own characteristics in Chamba. It ruaml said that the King and his nobles employed the painter to record important happenings in the court including musical modes, seasons, mythological subjects, agony and love.


The ladies of the court created the same motifs with their needles with an equal amount of skill of the painters. Practiced in regions of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu, this intricate yet traditional form of pictorial embroidery eumal the essence of pahari culture and the epitome of their tradition.

The term derived from the Persian word Rumal which means a handkerchief. Khaddar or unbleached muslin is usually the cloth employed for chamba rumal embroidery. The intricate design was achieved by incorporating it onto the cloth using a emmbroidery brush to draw outlines.

Chamba Rumal Embroidery of Himachal Pradesh – iShippo Blog

This was accomplished by female pahari painters and embroiders themselves. The embroidery is done in soft shades in small double darning stitches which appear the same on both sides. One of the favorite themes of a painter was the cheerful antics of Lord Krishna with Radha. Some scenes of battle and hunting are depicted with great finesse. Various attacks which show guns, swords, spears, etc are shown. embroidwry

Chamba Embroidery

Embroidery also showed elements of nature comprising banana, lotus flower, peacock, parrots, shrubs, monkeys, deer, fish, clouds, cranes etc. The canvas teems with life giving a tremendous sense of movement to the composition. Khaddarwhich is basically a rough, and hand woven cottonand malmalalso known as fine muslin, were the fabrics used in creating Chamba rumal. The reason being that the off-white fabric creates a clear base for the embroidery while highlighting the vivid hues of the silken threads used for filling up the line art.


Khaddar was used for Chamba rumal due to its availability, viable cost, and durability. The figures and floral patterns drawn on the Chamba rumals are filled with pat, a type of untwisted silken floss. The most popular colors used in Chamba rumal are ultramarine, Persian blue, carmine, parrot green, deep red, pink, brown, black, white, lemon, deep yellow, brilliant pink, and purple.

The most common subjects used as inspirations for the embroidery were wedding scenes. Brides were considered to be all rounders if they were well trained in the craft of embroidery of the Chamba rumal. The rumals were adorned by men and women alike.

People of every class produced these rumals and hung them proudly across their shoulders. Those belonging to the elite classes preferred more intricate, complex and emboridery designs.

Himachal Pradesh’s Chamba Embroidery | Utsavpedia

Chamba embroidery in done in shawls and quilts, therefore, it is recommended to dry clean the Chamba rumal and its products and keep it away from harsh sunlight which might damage its silken threads. Previous post Next post. Chamba Embroidery of Nature.