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Jaime Eyzaguirre 21 Uniiversal — 17 September was a Chilean lawyer, essayist and historian. He is variously recognized as a writer of traditionalist or conservative [A] historiography in his country.

Eyzaguirre was born into a religious upper class family in Santiago. Eyzaguirre started to court Adriana Philippi [C] in and married her in Most of the students of the time were priests, nuns jniversal brothers.

Nevertheless he was allowed to rent a small local owned by the Archbishopric of Santiago at a relatively low price. Here, Eyzaguirre ran a small bookshop called El Arbol until the unievrsal s when it was closed.

Despite his economic hardships he twice refused to be assigned ambassador to Spain. Eyzaguirre thought any diplomatic work he did ricardoo need to compete with his work as historian and therefore he would not be able to accomplish a dedicated work in diplomacy. A milestone in the work of Eyzaguirre was his essay O’Higgins that won a prize in to commemorate the centenary of the death of Bernardo O’Higgins.

This was the first written work that granted Eyzaguirre some income.

Jaime Eyzaguirre

His stay in Spain made him target of attacks in Chile from those critical of the Franco regimein particular from people associated with the National Falange party not to be confused with the Spanish movement. Personally, Eyzaguirre admired the stoic stance of the isolated Francoist Spain against both Soviet and Western pressure but did never propagandize the Franco regime in Chile. Generally Eyzaguirre dealt with similar ricareo as Lewis Hanke.

The work of Eyzaguirre was criticized by historians associated with left-wing histofia. He is variously recognized as a writer of traditionalist or conservative[A] historiography in his country.

Jaime Eyzaguirre | Revolvy

Look up Jaime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. In Occitania Jacobus became Jacome and later Jacme. In the United States, Jaime is used as an independent masculine given name, along with given name Jimmy. Eyzaguirre is a surname of Basque origin.

Spelling variants include Eizaguirre, attested specially in Spain, or Eizagirre, historix Basque spelling. Many Eizag u irre surnames umiversal from the coastal area of Getaria universwl Zarautz, in the province of Gipuzkoa Spainwhere it is popular nowadays. It probably means ‘place exposed to wind’: It may refer to: In the s he opposed the University Reform and became the main ideologist of the gremialismo thought.

He opposed President Salvador Allende and later became a close advisor of Pinochet and his dictatorship. A professor of Constitutional Law, he played an important part in the drafting of the Constitution. Between and he studied in the Colegio de los Sagrados Corazones de Santiago, where at a young age he showed interest in literature and strong hreve qualities.

Already during his senior year he began to show interest in political life. An excellent student, he graduated f Hispanismo or Hispanicism is an ideology, school of thought and historiographic current centered on Spanish heritage. In Hispanic America it is similar but unlike most times to indigenismo. In the case hustoria Hispanic America these cultural roots are Spanish and indigenous.

An important detail is that in hispanismo riacrdo Spanish roots are implicitly more important than the indigenous roots.


Hispanismo consist of Hispanic American countries building upon their “own heritage” which would be the same as Spanish heritage. He is the decisive factor, the only one that could attract them all Because of this any attempt to forget the Spanish name in these lands and oppose to him a hyperbolic renewed value of the indigenous, would go straight to attack the lifeblood berve unite our peoples.

Historia is a peer-reviewed academic journal specialising in the history of the Americas and Chile. It was established in and its first director was Jaime Eyzaguirre.

Memoria Chilena in Spanish. Biblioteca Nacional de Chile. Retrieved December 30, Jaime Eyzaguirre en su tiempo in Spanish. There he was in charge of the universal hisstoria course. This changed when he met Jaime Eyzaguirre at the Pedagogy School who introduced him to the Catholic intellectual elite of Santiago.

Fernando Vives Solar — was a Chilean Jesuit known as one of the foremost advocates of the Catholic social teachings in Chile. Federico Philippi 16 December — 16 January was a German zoologist and botanist active in Chile. Federico Philippi was the youngest son of the famed naturalist Rodolfo Amando Philippi. Jaime Eyzaguirre en su tiempo. Spanish Reconquest or just Reconquest is a period of Chilean history that started in with the royalist victory at the Battle of Rancagua and ended in with the patriot victory at the Battle of Chacabuco.

Authors such as the Chileans Julio Heise and Jaime Eyzaguirre prefer to call the period Absolutist Restoration, considering it merely the return to power of the royalists. Archived from the original on October 7, Jaime Eyzaguirre en su He was the second of six sons of the Voltairean freethinker and stern disciplinarian Jean-Baptiste Bloy and his wife Anne-Marie Carreau, pious Spanish-Catholic daughter of a Napoleonic soldier.

In Decemberhe met the ageing Catholic author Barbey d’Aurevilly, who lived opposite him in rue Rousselet and who became his mentor. Shortly afterwards, he underwent a dramatic religious conversion. However, he acquired a r He was in charge of university courses on medieval history. Latin America[a] is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish, French and Portuguese are predominantly spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

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The term “Latin America” was first used in an conference with the title “Initiative of the America. Lagos was the third president from the center-left Coalition of Parties for Democracy to kres ruled Chile since He was succeeded on March 11, by Socialist Michelle Bachelet, from the same coalition.

He attended primary school at Liceo Experimental Manuel d This is a list of essayists—people notable for their essay-writing. Birthplaces as listed do not always indicate nationality. Plan Brebe disseminated the false idea that left-wing elements were organizing a self-coup against President Salvador Allende and the Unidad Popular, and for years this was the main justification of the coup and s The term traces back to the early rivardo period but was redefined by Spanish philosopher Miguel de Unamuno in The term “Hispanity” is a term that regards to a multicultural community of countries of the Spanish Empire.

Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney May 4, — October 29, was hiwtoria Spanish political theorist, essayist, journalist, literary critic, occasional diplomat and member of the Generation of ‘ He was the son of Manuel de Maeztu Rodriguez, a Cuban engineer and landowner born in Cienfuegos with ancestry from Navarre.


Lewis Beve — was a preeminent U. Hanke, along with two others, Irving A. Leonard and John T. Hanke’s writings documented Las Casas’ work as a political activist, historian, political theorist, and anthropologist.

His scholarship also uncovered evidence to support Hanke’s claim that Las Casas did not act as the yniversal voice of conscience during the colonial era, but actually constituted the head of what was a larger reform movement by a number of Spanish colonists to prevent “the destruction of the Indies.

Map of the Valdivian fort system and the development of the battle The Capture of Valdivia was universql battle in the Chilean War of Independence between Spanish forces commanded by Colonel Manuel Montoya and the Chilean forces under the command of Lord Cochrane, held on 3 and 4 February Background After failing to capture the Spanish fortress of Real Felipe in El Callao, Cochrane decided to assault the city of Valdivia, the most fortified place in South America at the time.

Valdivia was considered a threat to Chilean independence as it was a stronghold and supply base for Spanish troops.

Mario Góngora del Campo (1915-1985)

Valdivia provided a safe landing site for sending reinforcements to the loyalist guerrilla fighting the Guerra a muerte in the area of La Frontera. Valdivia was isolated from the rest of Chile by native Mapuche territory, and the only entrance to Valdivia was Corral Bay, at the mouth of Valdivia River.

The bay was protected by several forts built to prevent pirate raids or any attack from a foreign nation. South America has a history that has a wide range of human cultures and forms of civilization. The Norte Chico civilization in Peru is the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the first rciardo independent civilizations in the world; it was contemporaneous with the Egyptian pyramids.

It predated the Mesoamerican Olmec by nearly two millennia. While millennia of independent development were interrupted by the Portuguese and Spanish colonization of the late 15th century and the demographic collapse that followed, the continent’s mestizo and indigenous cultures remain quite distinct from those of their colonizers. Through the trans-Atlantic slave trade, South America especially Brazil became the home of millions of peopl Chilean literature refers to all written or literary work produced in Chile or by Chilean writers.

The literature of Chile is usually written in Spanish. Chile has a rich literary tradition and has been home to two Nobel prize winners, the poets Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda.

It has also seen brve winners of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize, considered one of the most important Spanish language literature prizes: Along with the conq Retrieved 26 October The Battle of Santiago Italian: Ricardl di Santiago, Spanish: The referee was Ken Aston, who later went on to invent yellow and red cards. Chile is a small, proud and poor country: Author of more than 10 books on topics related to the philosophy of St.

He devoted most of his life to teaching in different universities, and had as many followers as opponents. His first studies were begun at home, where he learnt to read and write, and all the observant Catholic’s background of prayers and